Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Five Theories of Human Nature

 Five Theories of Human Nature  
Lectures In The University of Liverpool.

 What is human nature? Is there a path of liberation from humanity's ills? Participants will examine the theories of human nature of two ancient religious traditions (Judeo-Christian and Buddhist) and three modern secular thinkers (Rousseau, Freud and Marx).
With Dr Paul Smith
  'I prefer liberty with danger than peace with slavery.'
Jean-Jacques Rousseau 
 Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) was a major philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the American Revolution and the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought. 
Rousseau was also a successful composer and made important contributions to music as a theorist. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophes among members of the Jacobin Club. He was interred as a national hero in the Panthéon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.

Sigmund Freud * Human nature tends to value and wish what he can't reach.
*It would be one of the greatest triumphs of humanity, one of the most tangible liberations from the constraints of nature to which mankind is subject, if we could succeed in raising the responsible act of procreating children to the level of a deliberate and intentional activity and in freeing it from its entanglement with the necessary satisfaction of a natural need.
 Freud's Theory of Human Nature and comparing with karl Marx, both lived in London.


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